Well, Unless you understand it is going to stay tough for you. However, it is really simple and easy to understand what is a transitive sentence and which one is an intransitive sentence. let’s start.
What is a transitive sentence?
Well, go easy, relax, take a deep breath. Transitive means which covers some transit. Transit means on the way. So, if there is something in the sentence which shows that some way or some distance is covered, the sentence is transitive. It is so simple.
Transitive Sentences Cover Some Distance.
Let’s see some examples:
- I gave Rahul 2 rupees. You can see that action is happening in the sentence.
- I have a car. See there is no action. Nothing is happening in the sentence. this is simply an information.
- Sweta is really beautiful. Again, see there is no action. So, the sentence is intransitive.
- Anil eats an egg daily. Well, you can see an action in the sentence. Therefore, the sentence is transitive.
So, wasn’t that easy to understand if the sentence is transitive or intransitive.
What is a transitive sentence?
Now, let me tell you something more on how to determine whether the sentence is transitive or not.
Transitive Sentences always have an action.
You need to check if the sentence has object/objects or not.
How to check if the sentence has object/objects or not?
Well, you can ask 2 questions what and whom to the verb in the sentence. If you get the answer and the answer is different from the subject in the sentence, the sentence is said to be Transitive.
Well, I understand you need to have some examples to understand this.
Transitive Sentences have a direct or an indirect object.
What is a transitive sentence
I gave Rahul rupees. In this sentence, the verb is “gave“. We are going to ask 2 questions. First What I gave? The answer is 2 Rupees. Whom did I give? The answer is Rahul. The answer of What is Direct Object and the answer of Whom is indirect Object.
You can see both the answers are different from the subject in the sentence and as I have mentioned above action is also happening in the sentence. Therefore the sentence is transitive.
I have a car. In this sentence, we have a verb have. If we ask What to have, we get a car as an answer. But, do you really think that sentence is transitive? Well, No. Why? Because there is transit in the sentence. there is no action in the sentence.
Sweta is really beautiful. Here we have “is” as a verb in the sentence. So, we ask what and whom. For whom we have no answer and for what we have really beautiful. However, do you see any action in the sentence? one thing. Second, the object is not different from the subject. So, the sentence is Intransitive.
Anil eats an egg daily. It is obvious in the sentence that there is an action. Also, the object an egg is different from the subject Anil. Therefore, we can easily make out that the sentence is transitive.
Another use and importance of understanding this concept of Transitive and Intransitive Sentences.
Well, Only Transitive sentences can be converted into a passive structure. We should not convert intransitive sentences into passive. Also, the sentences which have Be, been or being in the sentence are not converted into passive.
Well, this was about Transitive and Intransitive Sentences in English Grammar. There are always exceptions and many more things to learn and understand before you actually understand the language. Please use your diligence or if you have any doubt or question, please write to me at email@example.com.
Sunil Chaudhary – Best English Trainer in Aligarh
English Guru – TAMS Studies
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