What is Proper Noun?

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Hello English Learner, Welcome to this post where I am going to explain what is a Proper Noun?

What is Proper Noun?

TAMS Studies Aligarh Learn English Make Good Future
TAMS Studies Aligarh Learn English Make Good Future

Let me Start with Noun.

First, Let’s understand What is a Noun? A noun is a naming word. It means you name something, some person, or someplace, you give it a name. That name word is called a Noun.

As per popular English Grammar Books, you can see the definition of Noun is given as follows:

“A Noun is a name of a person, a place, or a thing.”

I hope you are well aware of the Noun now.

Let’s move to the Proper Noun.

Definition of Proper Noun as per popular Grammar Books is as follows:

proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, organization, or thing. Proper nouns begin with a capital letter.

For Example, Proper Nouns are Rahul, John, Katie, London, Philips, etc

For these Same Things, we can have a common Noun as well.

For Example, Boy, Husband, Girl, City, Etc

It is necessary to understand the Common Noun when we are trying to learn Proper Noun.

Let me create a table for you so that you can understand easily what is a proper noun? and what is a common noun?.

Common Noun Proper Noun
Man Amit
Girl Gita
Girl Anita
Boy Rahul
Boy John
Boy Tom
Husband Tom
Son Tom
Wife Katie
Son Ankit
Country Nepal
Country Canada
Country Russia
Mobile Phone LG
Mobile Phone Samsung
Television Philips
City London
City Victoria
City Rio De Janeiro
Instrument Pliers
instrument Saw

I hope with this list you would have understood the difference between a Proper Noun and a common noun.

Let’s take an example, Boy is called a boy everywhere, However, a specific boy is called Rahul. Therefore, Boy is a Proper Noun and Rahul is a common Noun.

One More Chart for your Understanding.

Common Noun Proper Noun
Herman Melville
Mrs Hacket
Tito’s Taco Palace
Declaration of Independence
University of Southern California

Ankita Offered Saleem one of her mother’s homemade oatmeal cookies but only an Oreo would satisfy his teeth.

Let’s Analysis This sentence for Proper Nouns and Common Nouns:

  • Ankita – Proper Noun
  • Saleem – Proper Noun
  • Mother – Common Noun
  • Cookies – Common Noun
  • Oreo – Proper Noun
  • Teeth – Common Noun

Aishwarya wanted to try a new restaurant, so Abhishek took her to Tito’s Taco Palace, where no one dips into the hot sauce until the drinks have arrived at the table.

In the above-mentioned sentence, you can see that Aishwarya, Abhishek, Tito’s Taco Palace are Proper Nouns and Restaurant, Sauce, Drinks, table are common nouns.

Also, Study What is an Abstract Noun.

Proper Nouns

In contrast, proper nouns name specific people, places, things, animals and ideas.

This list shows some different types of proper nouns and examples:

Type of Proper Noun

Example of Proper Noun




Buildings & Structures


Religious Names

Historical Names

Events & Festivals

Months / Days of the Week

Lady Gaga, Cristiano Ronaldo, Sarah, Michael

Mr, Mrs, Professor, Dr, Sir, Madam, Queen

United Nations, Coca-Cola, Museum of Modern Art

The White House, Empire State Building

Asia, New York, Atlantic Ocean, Mount Kilimanjaro

Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Torah, Bhagavad Gita

Roman Empire, Berlin Wall, World War I

Wimbledon, New Year’s Eve, Miss Universe Pageant

February, December, Tuesday, Friday, Sunday

The relationship between Proper & Common Nouns

Every proper noun has a common noun equivalent. There is always a general way to describe something:

Common Noun

Proper Noun













New York


Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

Oxford University



Pacific Ocean

Mona Lisa

Eiffel Tower

Michael Jackson, President Obama


AC Milan, Chicago Bulls

I hope you can clearly see now how common nouns are general and proper nouns describe something specific?

Please Remember proper nouns are CAPITALIZED:

  • The first president of India was Rajendra Prasad.
  • There is a gigantic monument dedicated to Vallabh Bhai Patel.
  • I am studying at a local university.
  • I am majoring in politics at Dharm Samaj University.  (A specific university)

If you need specific help with Proper Noun, please write to me at suniltams@gmail.com

Sunil Chaudhary
English Language Trainer

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